Policy recommendations developed by the strategic project CluStrat
- Policy Recommendation 1: Cluster policy should be selective
Cluster policy should be selective, not supporting all the existing clusters but aiming at favouring the development of the formation of production systems that have the characteristics of a good cluster, i.e. advantageous inter‐firm relationships, entrepreneurial firms, and effective institutions.
Besides the fact, that cluster excellence is already taken care of at European level by the Cluster Excellence label, the approaches to cluster excellence at regional level may ask for other or additional criteria, which can also be object of tailor-made support initiated by policy makers.
- Policy Recommendation 2: Cluster smart specialization
In the context of selective policies to favour clusters, a crucial aim is that of the evolution of CMOs towards an entrepreneurial approach, so that they get capable of identifying and proposing to cluster firms (or their combinations) business opportunities in emerging industries and to offer occasions of trans.‐regional cooperation. This way, CMOs will facilitate the development of the cluster smart specialization, which already represents a key concept of the European Commission 2020 policy framework.
- Policy Recommendation 3: Creation of regional cross-sectoral clusters
European policy should foster the support of regional cross-sectoral clusters, in cases in which the regional scale (critical mass of partners) allows to take opportunities, linked with the emerging industries, which a smaller scale will not allow to catch. A similar approach should favour the development of other suitable forms of collaboration and network having the same aim, even so they do not fit common cluster definitions.
In this case, European Policy should look at best practice cases, which picture how successful cluster organizations have been set-up and developed and how they have managed to be a successful pioneer. Next bits and pieces of these approaches could be used for similar implementations of organizations and cluster policies in other regions all over Europe.
- Policy Recommendation 4: Accreditation of innovation actors (e.g. Key-Enabling-Actors (KEA) and Knowledge intensive business services (KIBS)
In order to increase the ability of European regions to compete in emerging industries or innovation projects, developed by firms and clusters – in particular the projects, implying trans‐national cooperation – have to be supported by an appropriate innovation institutions (sub)system. Accreditations for innovation actors, both key enabling technology actors (KEA) and institutional knowledge intensive business services (KIBS), would show that they have reached the excellence in their field, work at the global level and thus be a valuable partner in projects of transnational cooperation on emerging industries. In order to ensure to involve just high level experts, a form of accreditation of both KEA and KIBS at the European level could be developed.
This accreditation system could be developed using and adapting formats such as ISO, EFQM, and the labelling system developed under the European Excellence initiative.
- Policy Recommendation 5: Strengthening & connecting technology transfer centres, laboratories and open innovation centres
The presence of laboratories networks, where demand and supply can meet and interact, represents a cognitive resource, entailing a high value to the development of innovation projects in emerging industries (e.g advanced materials, ambient assisted living, etc.) and can become hubs for interaction between R&D, companies / end users. The formation of new contexts of this type and the strengthening of the existing ones, represent a qualified object of EU policy in the emerging industries.
- Policy Recommendation 6: Enhancing knowledge transfer and joint training activities
Developing and implementing key enabling technologies (KETs) require a perfect blend of complementary skills of the workforce. Therefore a continuous improvement process for human capital and knowledge transfer is key, to bring KETs into industrial application. It is recommended to launch Europe-wide training schemes to secure the needed knowledge-transfer.
- Policy Recommendation 7: Interconnecting parallel projects in CE regions and beyond
Many transnational projects run in parallel across Europe. Fostering an exchange of experiences and transfer of results among them will enable a consolidation of insights, bundling of competences and thus create added value and increased scope. E.g. common webpages with significant project events and possibilities for project partners from different project consortia to interact during these events or conferences would strongly strengthen transnational cross-project cooperation and would foster the generation of new ideas/innovations in the field of emerging industries.